Active passive voice past tense with examples

Active Passive voiceLet’s start:- Active passive voice Past tense

 

4. Past Indefinite Voice

Rules in active/passive voice

Active voice Passive voice
Sub + v2 +obj Obj + was/were +v3 +by +sub
Sub +did +not +v1 +obj Obj + was/were +not +v3 +by +sub
Did +sub +v1 +obj? was/were +obj +v3 +by +sub?
Did +sub +not +v1 +obj? was/were +obj +not +v3 +by +sub?

Exapmles:-

Active voice Passive voice
ਚਪੜਾਸੀ ਨੇ ਘੰਟੀ ਵਜਾਈ।

The peon rang the bell.

The bell was rung by the peon.
ਚਪੜਾਸੀ ਨੇ ਘੰਟੀ ਨਹੀਂ ਵਜਾਈ।

The peon did not ring the bell.

The bell was not rung by the peon.
ਕੀ ਚਪੜਾਸੀ ਨੇ ਘੰਟੀ ਵਜਾਈ?

Did the peon ring the bell?

Was the bell rung by the peon?
ਕੀ ਚਪੜਾਸੀ ਨੇ ਘੰਟੀ ਵਜਾਈ?

Did the peon not ring the bell?

Was the bell not rung by the peon?

 

 

5. Past Continuous Voice

Rules in active/passive voice

Active voice Passive voice
Sub + was/were +v1 +ing +obj. Obj + was/were +being +v3 +by +sub
Sub + was/were +not +v1 +ing +obj. Obj + was/were +not +being +v3 +by +sub
was/were +Sub +v1 +ing +obj? was/were +obj +being +v3 +by +sub?
was/were +Sub +not +v1 +ing +obj? was/were +obj +not+being +v3 +by +sub?

Examples:-

Active voice Passive voice
ਉਹ ਚਾਹ ਪੀ ਰਹੇ ਸੀ।

They were taking a tea.

A tea was being taken by them.
ਉਹ ਚਾਹ ਪੀ ਨਹੀਂ ਰਹੇ ਸੀ।

They were not taking a tea.

A tea was not being taken by them.
ਕੀ ਉਹ ਚਾਹ ਪੀ ਰਹੇ ਸੀ?

Were they taking a tea?

Was a tea being taken by them?
ਕੀ ਉਹ ਚਾਹ ਪੀ ਨਹੀਂ ਰਹੇ ਸੀ?

Were then not taking a tea?

Was a tea not being taken by them?

 

 

6. Past Perfect Voice

Rules in active/passive voice

Active voice Passive voice
Sub +had +v3 +obj Obj +had +been +v3 +by +sub
Sub +had +not +v3 +obj Obj +had +not +been +v3 +by +sub
Had +sub +v3 +obj? Had +obj +been +v3 +by +sub?
Had +sub +not +v3 +obj? Had +obj +not +been +v3 +by +sub?

Exapmles:-

Active voice Passive voice
ਬੱਚੇ ਰੌਲਾ ਪਾ ਚੁੱਕੇ ਸੀ।

The children had made a noise.

A noise had been made by the children.
ਬੱਚੇ ਰੌਲਾ ਨਹੀਂ ਪਾ ਚੁੱਕੇ ਸੀ।

The children had not made a noise.

A noise had not been made by the children.
ਕੀ ਬੱਚੇ ਰੌਲਾ ਪਾ ਚੁੱਕੇ ਸੀ?

Had the children made a noise?

Had a noise been made by the children?
ਕੀ ਬੱਚੇ ਰੌਲਾ ਨਹੀਂ ਪਾ ਚੁੱਕੇ ਸੀ

Had the children not made a noise?

Had a noise not been made by the children?

 

 

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Regards

Er. Nachhattar Singh ( CEO, blogger, Youtuber, Motivational speaker)

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