Let’s start :- Reading tips of ielts List of headings
2. Matching Headings/List of Heading.
Reading tips of ielts In this post I will focus on ‘list of heading’ this type of question usually identified with lower case Roman number (I, ii, iii, iv etc).This type of question refer to the main idea of the paragraph or section of the text. Applicant must find out the similar heading (keyword) to the correct paragraph or section, which are given with alphabet A, B, C and so on. Applicant need to write the appropriate Roman numbers in the boxes on their answer sheet. There will always be two or three extra heading than there are section and paragraph. So, some of the heading will not be used for answer. They are only for confusion. First paragraph is an example paragraph which helpful for understanding of the task/question.
List of Headings:
i Aviation disaster prompts action
ii Two coincidental developments
iii Setting Altitude Zones
iv An oversimplified view
v Taking of Safety
Paragraph types of question alphabet wise (List of Headings question).
2. Paragraph B
3. Paragraph C
A. An accident that occurred in the skies over the Grand Canyon in 1956 resulted in the establishment of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to regulate and oversee the operation of aircraft in the skies over the United States, which were becoming quite congested. The resulting structure of air traffic control has greatly increased the safety of flight in the United States, and similar air traffic control procedures are also in place over much of the rest of the world.
In first lines of paragraph A the writer says,” An accident that occurred in the skies over the Grand Canyon in 1956 resulted in the establishment of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to regulate and oversee the operation of aircraft in the skies over the United States.”
Here, the lines indicate that the accident (disaster) in 1956 resulted (prompts) in the establishment of FAA.
So, the answer will be: i (only write in Roman numbers form) do not write full line of list of heading like this:-
(i Aviation disaster prompts action)
B. Many people think that АТС consists of a row of controllers sitting in front of their radar screens at the nation’s airports, telling arriving and departing traffic what to do. This is a very incomplete part of the picture. The FAA realised that the airspace over the United States would at any time have many different kinds of planes, flying for many different purposes, in a variety of weather conditions, and the same kind of structure was needed to accommodate all of them.
In 3rd lines of paragraph B the writer says, :“his is a very incomplete part of the picture.”
Here, the lines indicate the role of ATC, as in many people’s thoughts, is a very incomplete picture/oversimplified view.
So, the answer will be: iv (only write in Roman number)
(iv An oversimplified view)
C. In the 1940s, АТС centres could and did take advantage of the newly developed radar and improved radio communication brought about by the Second World War, but the system remained rudimentary. It was only after the creation of the FAA that full-scale regulation of America’s airspace took place, and this was fortuitous, for the advent of the jet engine suddenly resulted in a large number of very fast planes, reducing pilots’ margin of error and practically demanding some set of rules to keep everyone well separated and operating safely in the air.
In paragraph C, lines numbers 3 to 5(underline) where the writer says,” It was only after the creation of the FAA that full-scale regulation of America’s airspace took place, and this was fortuitous, for the advent of the jet engine suddenly resulted in a large number of very fast planes.”
Here, fortuitous means chance, accidental and coincidental.
So, the answer will be: ii (only write in Roman number)
(ii Two coincidental developments)
In next post we will learn about Multiple Choices.
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Er. Nachhattar Singh ( CEO, blogger, youtuber, Motivational speaker)